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Definition:

Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD’S) denotes health problems concerned with the musculoskeletal system that range from a transitory disorder to an irreversible disabling conditions due to the occupation.

 

Introduction:

Heath problem in WMSD’s occurs due to an imbalance in the load bearing capacity of the components of the musculoskeletal system vs the mechanical load born by the system during an occupation. This imbalance stresses the musculoskeletal system as the tension is beyond the yielding capacity of the system leading to dysfunctional system or an injury.

The injuries can be categorised into two basic types

Acute: wherein the injuries are due to sudden high loading causing damage to the musculoskeletal system. Eg Fracture, sprain, strain, dislocation etc.

Chronic: This king of injury is due to the cumulative nature if the stress that damages the system. The problem i